The North Korean nuclear issue became a reality beyond worry. As always, the people are only thinking about North Korea’s nuclear test as an annual event. Even after two nuclear tests this year. In addition, the last 5th nuclear test is a nuclear warhead explosion experiment. That is, from the 1st to the 4th, nuclear explosives samples were mass-produced at the 5th level, only to confirm the ability of the nuclear material to burst or not. 10 kilotons of destructive power, but the ability is weak nuclear bomb. Now, North Korea can load the warheads into the desired products among the 1,000 missiles and shoot them.
North Korea has made the nuclear threat real, but there are not many alternatives for us. Of course, the nuclear umbrella of the United States is still spreading on the Korean peninsula through the ROK – US Mutual Defense Treaty. Though the value of tactical nuclear weapons has diminished as modern nuclear weapons change, the Nuclear Triad, which is equivalent to the nuclear power of the United States, is still guarding the Republic of Korea. In particular, the United States sent warning messages to North Korea when it tested its intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) launch whenever it threatened the security of the Republic of Korea or Japan.
The nuclear umbrella provided by the United States is of concern. The role of the strategic nuclear bomber has been reduced, and the other two components, the ICBM and the SLBM, are too old and need to be upgraded. If Trump was elected as a concrete commitment to the modernization of nuclear weapons, Hillary was elected, and the nuclear weapons remained obsolete and almost disappeared. Fortunately, the lack of nuclear retaliatory capability complements some of the missile defense systems, such as the THAAD (high-altitude missile defense system) and the ballistic missile interceptor missile (SM-3). It is frustrating to our position that there is no sardina or SM-3 yet.
North Korea’s Chosun Central TV reported on September 13 that it held Pyongyang militia reunion contest to celebrate the success of the nuclear war explosion test at Pyongyang Kim Il Sung Square. The photo shows the venue where the central TV was recorded and broadcasted on the day. © Chosun Central Communication Association
The emergence of tailored suppression strategies
The response strategy that emerged when the North Korean nuclear crisis began to be recognized as a serious risk factor after the Third Nuclear Test was a customized suppression strategy. The customized restraint strategy was announced at the 45th SCM (US-ROK Security Consultative Meeting) on October 2, 2013. If the North Korean nuclear power shows the possibility of being used in the war, it will cope with the situations according to each stage by appropriate means.
Here is the line. First, North Korea is divided into three stages: threatening to attack with nuclear weapons, imminent use of nuclear weapons, and using nuclear weapons. In the first stage of the threat, it is not the actual action but the word, but it is an aggressive act that does not hide the intent of the attack. As a result, the United Nations sanctions against North Korea, which diplomatically isolates and economically oppresses North Korea, is in operation, and military demonstrations are conducted through military exercises such as joint US-ROK training and deployment of US strategic assets. Indeed, the two countries have been steadily implementing these measures since October 2013, as North Korea has threatened to use it.
When the use is at an imminent stage, the response is also different. First of all, there will be 200 units of missile launch vehicles such as Scud, Labor, and Sudan, which North Korea possesses, and the Kill Chain will be operated when a submarine that launches SLBM is deployed. It is the kill chain to find the location of these threats with various reconnaissance assets and then destroy its origins in about 25 minutes with fighter planes, ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, and so on. The kill chain can be viewed as a limited but preemptive attack, since the enemy starts the attack and not the friendly but the attack before it is attacked.
In spite of this killer chain operation, it is not possible to destroy all enemy attack means. Or an enemy missile that could not be detected in advance may fly toward our territory. At this point, it is the Korean missile defense system (KAMD) that intercepts enemy missiles in the air. KAMD requires a radar capable of detecting enemy missiles and a missile capable of intercepting tanks in the air. We use Super Green pine radar for detection and Patriot PAC-2, PAC-3 (to be introduced) and Domestic M-SAM and L-SAM (under development) for intercept.
However, there are many who worry about this customized restraining strategy. Will the kill chain and KAMD work properly? If we really have such an operational capability, will North Korea give up the attack? Kill Chains and KAMD are fundamentally defensive measures. In short, if an enemy missile attack is a window, the kill chain and KAMD are shields. The shield is big and thick and the enemy will not give up attacking with the spear. Rather, it finds out where it can not be blocked by a shield. It is a very innocent idea that the enemy is a nuclear weapon, which is a nuclear weapon and threatens our survival. We needed a more aggressive strategy.
Infiltration of Ground Army Special Operations Helicopter MH-47 penetration scene © Yang Wook
“Attack is the best defense” … Need an aggressive strategy
As North Korea conducted a fifth nuclear test on September 9, 2016, that night, our troops took out the most extreme cards. It is KMPR. KMPR is the term of mass media punishment and retaliation in Korea. If North Korea shows signs of using nuclear weapons, Kim Jung-eun plans to directly target the headquarters, which is headed by the Labor Party chairperson, and retaliate against punishment. Our military, which does not have nuclear weapons, has limited means to bring fear to North Korea. That is the way to do precision missiles, such as the Hyunmoo 2 ballistic missile, the Hyundai 3-cruise missile, the F-35A stealth fighter to be introduced from 2018, and the special forces that can carry out the battle.
Eventually, the KMPR is added up, and our military responds to the North Korean threat with a three-axis system. In other words, if the signs of North Korean missile attack are clear, the Kill Chain will preemptively launch (1-axis) mobile launchers and stationary facilities, intercept missiles with 2-axis missile defense system (KMD) The KMPR plan (3-axis). The synergistic effect of the three plans is to have the ability to completely dismantle North Korea.
But as soon as it first appeared, the KMPR got a lot of criticism and ridicule. The question of how to make Pyongyang shattered without nuclear weapons came out immediately. Also, at KMPR, special forces have to infiltrate the enemy, and it is also questioned whether they are capable. In order to penetrate countries like North Korea that are investing heavily in the superpowers, special operational aircraft are needed, but only the United States holds them. It was doubtful how KMPR would be possible without our ability to penetrate the enemy. In addition, a special ground unit must be used in order to hit a target accurately with a fighter or ballistic missile. The more quickly you infiltrate them with your enemies, the more power your missiles and bombs do. Under the North Korean nuclear threat, offensive capability is the best defense. Also, the offensive ability depends on the ability to infiltrate into the enemy.