The enemy Kim Jong Eun

The enemy Kim Jong Eun

He took a picture with the attendees of the 8th Korea Contest.

Kim Jong Eun, the Chairman of the Labor Party of the DPRK, Chairman of the State Council of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and the Supreme Commander of the Korean People ‘s Army, took a commemorative photo with the participants of the eighth meeting of the Korean Chosun Dynasty.

WPK Central Committee Political Bureau Standing Committee and the Democratic People’s Republic of China State Council Vice Chairman and Central Committee vice chairman of choeryong’s comrades and party WPK Central Committee Director Li part comrade, Kim IlseongKim Jeongil attention Youth League in the Central Committee first secretary dedicated southeast magazine here. Respectively.

In the background of the glorious meeting place where the eighth enemy of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea was held in honor of the dear enemy, there was a great excitement in the scene of the great enthusiasm and joy of the participants who made a meaningful memorial picture desiring the dream.

That reverence un enemy’s God -party attend filming all participants are great for nimdeul generalissimo the Lord and naesewo by all means and define the merging of the precious treasure that can not be comparable to gold and silver treasures of eokmangeum our student boy, hope and the future world all giving embraced the happiness of reverence for the enemy’s looking up teochyeo raised cheers of “Hurray!” like a storm.

Dearest enemy, The boys ‘representatives put up a bouquet of fragrant and attached a red tie with the heart of the students’ boys all over the country.

My dearest enemy, the 8th meeting of the Korean Chosun Dynasty said that it would be an important occasion to strengthen and develop the Chosun Dynasty forever by its name Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il Boy Scouts, while maintaining the tradition of the anti-Japanese children’s group, Baekdu’s bloodline, He has enthusiastically congratulated the participants of the contest who showed off the majesty of the 3 million boys who are firmly preparing for the reliable replacement of construction and true alliances of the youth alliance.

To reverence the enemy’s He contestants are our revolution and independent boy caused a new revolutionary transition from Boy Scouts project to meet the needs of sports development take ryongma of jideokche the Young Pioneer Corps going to always be prepared for the socialist Korea ‘s Mount Baekdu powers to the ranks of the future hero He took a memorial picture with them expressing his expectation and conviction that he would make a strong effort.

After the ceremony was over, he looked up at the enemy who was reverting again.

In the midst of his busy schedule to lead the construction of a socialist powerhouse, he organized the 8th Chosun Dynasty’s Eighth Conference, and attended the congress in person. He gave me a kind of guidance in the outpouring of the voluntary youth movement. Today, The daring father who took a picture overflowed with gratitude and gratitude to the enemy of the enemy, and the participants shed tears of thrill and shed.

Full Participants me increasingly touches added to reverence the enemy’s cherished and glorious ever HS with great love and faith Kim Ilseong , Kim Jong Il of the Boy Scouts waving the red quirky grow eoksege as the heir of the Revolution, gidunggam continue carrying floating rigid Korea’s future He made a firm oath.

South Korea’s women’s soccer matches against North Korea today

South Korea’s women’s soccer matches against North Korea today

Yoon Deok lie to North Korea in the first place. It is expected that 50,000 spectators and Kim Jong Eun will appear as variables in the two teams’ contests.

South Korea will play the second match of the 2018 Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Women’s Asian Cup Group B qualifier at Kim Il-sung Stadium in North Pyongyang at 3:30 pm on July 7.

In addition to Korea and North Korea, there are Uzbekistan, India and Hong Kong. However, South Korea and North Korea are far ahead in objective power, and a smiling team will likely advance to the women’s Asian Cup finals in Jordan next April.

A total of eight countries, including China, Japan, Australia and Jordan, which have already secured entry tickets, will participate in the finals. The top five countries will be given the right to participate in the FIFA Women’s World Cup in 2019. If South Korea is to beat North Korea and enter the Jordanian Asian Cup, it will be the fifth place in the world so it is the watershed for Korea’s second consecutive World Cup finals.

The two teams did not finish the game by hiding the ‘window’ in the game on the 5th. North Korea put a star in the first half of the match against Hong Kong starter Hwang Hwang as a starter, but in the middle of the first half, he put forward a tendency.

North Korea’s national team coach Kim Kwang-min said, “I know all the stars in Asia. I thought it would be more effective to replace the inclination.” Shin Seong-shim, who won the Silver Ball at the U-17 Women’s World Cup last year, led North Korea to victory.

South Korea also scored a 10-0 victory over India in the same day. He did not put in the captain and core midfielder Josho Hyun, and put a strong orthodoxy into the second half. North Korean reporters were asked about the replacement of Joo Sung-hyun’s colon and Jeongseol Bin after the match against India.

Both Koreas and North Korean directors are ahead of each other in the face of confrontation, “I will pour everything I have.

One of the biggest variables in the face-to-face match between two teams that emphasized mental strength is unilateral support from the North Korean crowd. About 15,000 people visited the stadium on the last three days and five days when North Korea played two games. However, it seems that 50,000 people will be full in this game. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout.

However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.”

In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a variable. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength. North Korean reporters were asked about the replacement of Joo Sung-hyun’s colon and Jeongseol Bin after the match against India. Both Koreas and North Korean directors are ahead of each other in the face of confrontation, “I will pour everything I have. One of the biggest variables in the face-to-face match between two teams that emphasized mental strength is unilateral support of North Korean spectators. About 15,000 people visited the stadium on the last three days and five days when North Korea played two games. However, it seems that 50,000 people will be full in this game. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout. However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.” In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a variable. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength. North Korean reporters were asked about the replacement of Joo Sung-hyun’s colon and Jeongseol Bin after the match against India. Both Koreas and North Korean directors are ahead of each other in the face of confrontation, “I will pour everything I have. One of the biggest variables in the face-to-face match between two teams that emphasized mental strength is unilateral support of North Korean spectators. About 15,000 people visited the stadium on the last three days and five days when North Korea played two games. However, it seems that 50,000 people will be full in this game. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout. However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.” In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a variable. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout. However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.” In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a variable. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout. However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.” In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a factor. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength.

North Korea Announces Negative Stance on ‘Holding Kaesong’ in 6.15 Joint Event

North Korea Announces Negative Stance on ‘Holding Kaesong’ in 6.15 Joint Event

6.15 The North Korean government has made a negative stance on the proposal by the South Korean committee to host the 6.15 joint event at ‘Kaesong’, and it has been confirmed on the 5th that private organizations such as the Korean people’s mutual aid campaign have been postponed.

Lee Seung-hwan, a joint delegation of the South Korean Committee for the June 15 Joint Declaration (June 15), confirmed that “it was difficult to hold individuality.”

6.15 The South Korean Committee has proposed to hold a 6.15 joint event in Kaesong immediately after the government received the application for contact with North Korean residents on March 31.

6.15 An official from the South Korean committee said, “Once North Korea has expressed its negative stance on holding the 6.15 joint event in Gaeseong,” the 6.15 joint event itself will continue to be pursued even if difficulties are anticipated and the North is preparing to hold Pyongyang I left the room.

Kang Young-sik, secretary-general of the Korea People’s Movement for Helping the Korean Nation, confirmed that he “canceled the support of malaria control materials scheduled this week and the visit to the delegation on the 10th.”

The Korean people’s movement to help each other was reported to have received the application for contact with the North Korean residents on the 26th of last month, and carried out the removal of malaria control materials and the visit of the joint delegation.
“We have received news from the North that we should not be here this time, and now it is embarrassing,” said Park Chang-il, the chairman of the Peace and 3,000 steering committee, who is in the process of visiting the delegation. “I think it is because the government put the position on the UN Security Council. It will take a little more time. ”

An official from a private organization said, “We seem to be dissatisfied with the fact that the Korean government is actively responding to the UN sanctions against North Korea.” In this situation, it was impossible to make any kind of exchange, said.

“The Korean government supports the unanimous adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2356 on June 3 in response to the continued ballistic missile launch by North Korea,” the South Korean government said in a statement issued on March 3, It is evaluated once again the determination of the international society’s willingness, “he said.

An official from the Ministry of Unification said, “Nothing has been confirmed yet.”

Life in North Korea

Life in North Korea

Great post over at North Korean Economy Watch on life inside North Korea. The post concerns a report by the Chairman of Good Friends, held at SAIS US-Korea Institute. Good friends is a South Korean NGO operating in North Korea and China, assisting refugees and alleviating hunger. It puts in a great effort, despite difficult political conditions. Visit North Korean Economy Watch to read the highlights or go straight to the audio from the source at SAIS US-Korea Institute.

USIP working paper on disabling DPRK nuclear facilities

USIP working paper on disabling DPRK nuclear facilities

There is a new United States Institute of Peace (USIP) Working Paper entitled “Disabling DPRK nuclear facilities” written by David Albright and Paul Brannan. From the working paper:

The primary goals of this Working Paper are twofold. First, to establish a definition for the term “disablement” which has only recently achieved widespread usage in the disarmament and nonproliferation community. Second, to outline the types of steps that will or could be taken at key facilities in the DPRK to achieve various disablement objectives.

It is a very good paper from a very reputable source. If you want to know more (and learn exactly what is going on behind the political jargon being thrown around) then this is an excellent read. Basically what it is all about is:

…the disablement of a facility has come to mean a deliberate, mutually agreed action or set of actions taken to make it relatively more difficult and time-consuming to restart a facility after it is shut down. Disablement actions go beyond simply shutting down, sealing, and monitoring a facility. Although disablement steps can be reversed and the facility restarted, it would take an extended period of time to do so.

The paper goes on to give a very readable explanation of exactly how disablement should proceed. It also gives a range of options on medium to permanent disablement of DPRK facilities.

Perhaps the most interesting aspect of the paper to me was not just the useful explanation, but also the insight into the negotiations. In particular, the following lines:

According to one participant in the negotiations, the DPRK did not want the IAEA to become involved in the disablement process, and instead wanted the United States to do the disabling. The other parties objected to this essentially bilateral process, wanting their own assurances about disablement. The compromise was that the United States would take the lead on disablement.

It really makes me wonder. What were the possible reasons for the DPRK to not want the IAEA involved? Why did they prefer the US to do the disablement?

He didn’t speak much but his hands were warm…

He didn’t speak much but his hands were warm…

I don’t know, but I think this may be going a bit far… Lee Su-Hoon, chairman of the Presidential Committee on the Northeast Asia Cooperation Initiative in an article on Korea.net gives his impressions of Kim Jong Il:

Kim Jong-il, the leader of North Korea too showed calmness in his posture. But there was strength in his voice. Watching him at the welcome luncheon Lee had a feeling the North’s strongman had a good sense of what’s going on and was well versed in professional knowledge.

“I shook hands with him on the first day of the welcoming ceremony. He didn’t speak much but his hands were warm. Other officials said they felt the same, too”

There seems to be a certain sense of awe in the article’s treatment of Kim Jong-Il. Almost reminds me of other articles I’ve seen regarding Kim Jong-Il, like this one:

General Secretary Kim Jong Il is a prominent man with a long memory. He remembers exploits of famous masters and small and great political events of all ages and countries, significance and definite numbers of all creations by mankind, and names, ages and birthdays of those people he met…

Actually, that last one comes from the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) [’G.S. Kim Kong Il’s long memory’, 3 April 1998] But heck, there ain’t much difference nowadays between the ROK Government’s views of Kim Jong-Il and those of the KCNA…

Korean War Peace Treaty

Korean War Peace Treaty

Song Min-Soon will visit the United States next month to discuss a Korean War peace treaty to replace the armistice. There has already been, and there will be much more, talk on the role of US forces on the Korean peninsula after the signing of a peace treaty.

On Friday, Foreign Minister Song stated that US forces will remain committed on the Korean Peninsula after the signing of a Peace Treaty. Indeed, if there ever were conflict on the Korean peninsula, US assistance would be essential.

However, arguably, the support of other coalition partners would also prove important. Other coalition partners not only aid US forces in niche military roles but also provide greater credibility to the use of force.  What has not been considered in Korean debate regarding a Korean War Peace Treaty is the fact that while US forces would remain committed after the signing, other coalition partners that were involved in the Korean War would not.

On the same day that representatives of the UN Command signed the Korean War Armistice in Kaesong, the sixteen states that sent troops to the Korean War under the UN flag signed the ”Joint Policy Declaration Concerning the Armistice in Korea”, far away in Washington. The Joint Policy Declaration confirmed the resolve of the signatories to resist any new armed attack, in the interest of world peace and in accordance with the principles of the United Nations.

This declaration is in diplomatic terms, something of a wild card. Arguably, it does not legally require the signatories to defend South Korea, but it does give them the legal justification to do so, should South Korea’s security be threatened. If the Armistice is replaced by a Peace Treaty, the Joint Policy Declaration becomes void.

Accordingly, signing a Peace Treaty has substantial implications that must be thought through. South Korea only has one security partner. In comparison, other regional middle powers have diversified security relationships. Singapore, for example, has formal arrangements with the UK, Australia, New Zealand, the United States as well as the ASEAN structure. Australia has formal arrangements with New Zealand, the US, UK, Japan and Indonesia. Should the United States leave, for whatever reason, the neighborhood is a damned ugly place for a middle power?

Has the South Korean Government fully thought through the implications of a Peace Treaty? I really think we need to be certain that North Korea’s nuclear programs are fully dismantled before we sign a Korean War Peace Treaty – because calling for world help will never be as easy as it was in 1950…

As usual, there’ll be plenty more discussion on this at Marmot’s Hole – though just like Korean language debate, there will probably be no mention of those other states that also made guarantees to Korean security.

Unification Costs

Unification Costs

A ROK National Assembly Special Committee on Budget and Accounts has estimated that unification could cost around 1 trillion dollars – yes, 1 trillion – with the cost increasing further over time.

The report notes the difference in timing. If unification occurs in 2015, it could cost around $858 billion over 10 years to absorb the North. If unification occurs in 2030, it could cost $1.32 trillion.

On the positive side, there could be benefits through decreased military spending, new markets in North Korea as well as cheaper land and labor.

More on the report at the Korea Times. I guess that’s why economic cooperation projects are a priority…

How to pay for Korean unification

How to pay for Korean unification

With estimates on the cost of unification providing such alarming figures (as in the last post), it is natural for people to wonder where the money will come from. A paper by Yang Un-Chol at the Sejong Institute gives a good summary of how this could be achieved. Amongst the methods, he lists:

  1. Inter-Korean cooperation projects. Basically, paying now to reduce the burden of paying later or as Yang states: “inter-Korean economic exchanges can, in the long run, contribute to reducing unification expenses by transforming North Korea’s economy in a market-friendly manner”
  2. Tax burden. South Korea has a relatively low tax burden, but gaining national consensus on raising taxes for unification would still be very difficult, as it has been in Germany.
  3. Issuance of public bonds. South Korea used this process to aid its recovery from the 1997 financial crisis. Similar methods could be used to defray the costs of unification.
  4. Overseas borrowing. If unification occurred in the near future, this could be very difficult due to the negative effect unification would have on South Korea’s fiscal position. If unification occurred much later, South Korea could have time to secure assistance from international organizations and neighboring countries to promote a much smoother process.
  5. Other Government funds. As Yang notes there are “some of the 56 government-managed funds, which are linked to assistance for North Korea… Inter-Korean exchange and cooperation projects are reflected in the National Sports Promotion Fund, Culture and Arts Promotion Fund and Broadcasting Development Fund, among others…”

Yang doesn’t actually mention the potential for reparations from Japan that could contribute to unification costs. I read somewhere this could amount to around $10 billion. But I guess reparations are not a certainty, and indeed if normalization occurs before unification, a good deal of the funds will be spent on fine cognac and the rest stored safely for future generations in a Swiss Bank account.

To be certain, there are some pretty keen minds that have been working on this issue for some time. Indeed, the Sunshine Policy is basically the public face of saying ‘we gotta pay a bit now so we don’t have to pay so much later’. Can anyone point me to some good papers on unification costs?

‘Reunification cost’ is inappropriate

‘Reunification cost’ is inappropriate

‘Reunification cost’ is not an inappropriate term in the context of current ROKG unification policy according to a recent article on korea.net. With an underlying faith that North Korea will not collapse, the article states:

Think tanks, major financial institutions and individuals are busy estimating how much it may cost to reunite South and North Korea. They often refer to the estimated fee as the “reunification cost.”

However, before we estimate the cost, we need to speculate whether the term “reunification cost” applies when discussing the possible reunification of the two Koreas.

The “reunification cost” here means the total cost that is needed from physically reuniting two countries to the expense incurred until the two countries are settled after reunification.

In that case, though estimates can never be exact, the cost of German reunification altogether, according to different estimates, has been 1.2 trillion to 1.5 trillion euros ($2.1 trillion).

In general, the term reunification cost applies to the case where the reunification is relatively sudden and quick like that of German. It doesn’t apply to the gradual and step-by-step reunification that both Koreas desire.

President Roh Moo-hyun said in Frankfurt, Germany, last year that reunification of the Korean Peninsula would become possible after undergoing “national confederation.’

Under the proposed confederation, the two Koreas will maintain separate systems in the intermediary stage in preparation for reunification while institutionalizing cooperation, he said during a meeting with Korean-German residents.

While the article may ring true for current ROKG unification policy, I am happy that there are ‘think tanks, major financial institutions and individuals’ willing to count the costs and think about the possibility that ’sudden and quick’ unification could possibly occur. It’s always better to prepare for the worst and be pleased by reality, no?

Actually, even the term ‘cost’ gives a negative connotation. When someone says ‘unification cost’ it immediately has a negative meaning… like a tax or a bill. Why not ‘unification investment’??? Then we are really talking positively!!!