“We will make ‘network hub’ that is gathered talent for policy development.

“We will make ‘network hub’ that is gathered talent for policy development.

Kim Min-seok, newly appointed minister of the Ministry of Education, said

The Liberal Democratic Party of Liberal Democratic Liberal Party of Korea announced this ambition by establishing the “Yeouido Research Institute (currently Yeouido Researcher, Yeon Yeon)”, a policy research institute attached to the party in February 1995. She is the first think tank in Korean political history, and it benchmarked the think tank ‘Heritage Foundation’, which was founded in 1973 and represents American conservatism. As of last year, there were 78 researchers in the pavilion, which was originally composed of 13 students.

In addition, the roots of the Democratic Party’s think tank “Democracy Researcher (Roh)” are the Uri Party’s “Open Policy Research Institute”, which was born in November 2004, The Uri Party rushed to form a think tank as the party ‘s policy institute operation became legalized in March of the same year. In August 2008, the Democratic Party formed a new think tank called ‘Democratic Policy Researcher’ with the intention of ‘carrying out policy research activities that are stronger than the past as opposition parties’. In November last year, the “Democracy Research Institute” changed its sign to Dahn, which is currently being made up of 75 researchers.

Activity ‘half polls’ … Pointed out budget waste

The chairperson of each think tank shall serve as the representative of the party. Therefore, from August 2016, the Democratic Party of Korea, the Democratic Party, and the Democratic Party of Korea have been elected as the chairman of the party since July. For this reason, the think tank has always been subordinated to the Party leadership, and it has been worried that it might fall to the party organization. There have been large and small noises as a result of the appointment of a member of the leadership of the party including the party leader.

The core task of political think tanks is policy development and research. However, unlike the purpose of the establishment, political think tanks have been evaluated more as a result of the survey than the policy research. In fact, half of the research conducted by the two last year was a survey. Because of this, they have been pointed out over the past few years that “the budget for sink tanks is in bad use.”

In addition, each party’s think tanks are the organizations that spend the largest amount of budget each year in the party. In March 2004, when the revised bill was amended, the political funding law, which mandates 30% of party government subsidies to be allocated to think tanks in the party, has been revised, and a huge budget of 10 billion won each year has been put into each party ‘s think tank.

In an interview with Sisa Journal, Kim Min-suk, director of the Korea Institute for National Unification, Kim Min-seok, and Kim Dae-sik, director of the Yeouido research institute, who took office as new directors in May and July respectively, expressed common intention to supplement the problems that have been steadily pointed out to think tanks and to engage in policy research. After their inauguration, President Kim Dae-shik visits the researchers and promises active cooperation for policy development. Both directors emphasized that they will make a think tank a ‘network hub’ where the talents needed for policy development are gathered within a two-year term.

On July 18, Kim Min-suk, the head of the Democratic Party's Democratic Research Institute, is interviewing in his office in Yeouido.  © Sisa Journal Park Eun Sook

Kim Min-seok “I will prepare for the re-election of the presidential election”

On May 15, about a week after the victory of the presidential election, the Democratic Party appointed Kim Min-seok as the new chief of the Democratic Research Institute. In 1996, Kim Jong Il, who had been in the 15th National Assembly since he was 32 years old and has been re-elected, served as deputy general manager of the Democratic Party’s Elections Committee. At that time, the Democratic Party leader had suffered labor in the process of appointing him. The Sisa Journal interviewed Kim on July 18 and a telephone interview on August 17, followed by Kim Jong Il ‘

I think it is promoting the publication of the ‘DaeSun White Paper’ covering the process of winning the presidential election.

I am thinking about publishing from the end of August to the beginning of September because it is delayed somewhat than originally planned. Because this election is more systematic than ever, we are making it a good reference book in the next five years. Also, because this election was ultimately a victory by the people, they will be enriched with the materials they submitted. It is also the first e-book ever made by a political party, so anyone can see it conveniently.

The activities of the National Planning and Advisory Committee ended on July 15. How do you plan to carry out the 100 major national issues presented here?

As a governing ruling party, each city, province, and research institute are jointly promoting a ‘tour of the national task areas’ for a month to spread public sympathy for this national task. Those who participated in the planning of the National Plan will also be invited as speakers. In addition, we will select some items that require further research among the national issues and carry out further research.

At the time of appointment of the head of the Daejeon situation and the head of the Democracy Research Institute, there was a noise in the party due to the fact that he was an aide to Chae. It is also called ‘man of conscience’ and how do you accept it?

Representative Chu started the 15th National Assembly. History is long but this is the first time I work together. In the meantime, it was not close.

We are constantly receiving policy proposals from the public. How do you plan to reflect?

The new government ‘Gwanghwamun 1st Avenue’ and ‘Moon Jae-in 1st Street’ did not hit. There were many policies that were much better than what scholars envisioned. These systems must be deeply involved in political parties. I have been receiving policy suggestions from a long time ago, but feedback has not been done well. Whether it is Yeouido 1st or Democratic 1st, we plan to soon build a party organization that will gather suggestions.

What kind of presence do you want the civil service to be in your political life during your term?

I want to make sure that it is the place where we do what we do to contribute to the national government. I would like to instill in my view the perception that the people are showing the government’s position in the ruling coalition and that it is a place that constantly throws new awareness of problems.

The next step is the head of the ministry.

I will try to come to the political stage anyway because I am back in politics. No matter when, I hope to get into the Garden at the right time. However, it seems that it is appropriate to return from the choice of the people again because we have rested politics for a long time.

On August 11, Kim Dae Sik interviewed with the Sisa Journal at the Yeouido Research Institute on the 4th floor of the Yeouido Free Korean Market.  © Sisa Journal Ko Seong-joon

Kim Dae-sik “I will find a way to catch the young generation”

On July 17, the Yeouido Researcher (Yeonyeon) appointed Professor Kim Dae-sik of Dongseo University as the new director. Kim has been a vice chairman of the National People ‘s Rights Committee during the Lee Myung – bak administration, and in the last presidential election, he acted as the acting leader of Hong Joon – pyo. On August 11, I met Kim Jang-jae, who came back from Europe just after the ceremony.

At the time of appointment, there was opposition within the Party, which is called an aide of Hong Jun-pyo.

There was less opposition than the previous forecast. It seems that it was the first time in the past that weak opposition was weak when we appointed the chief director.

I felt the feeling of public sentiment in helping Hong representative during the presidential election.

I felt the right of the conservative right and the people who turned to the free Korean government. I think that restoring this is the top priority of the march. I will surely find a way to catch the hearts of the younger generations, who think that conservatives are ‘hell’ and progress is unconditionally good.

Hong has a long relationship with the representative. If you rate him.

In the last presidential election, candidate Hong Joon-pyo actually played one-man shows. The whole system of the party did not work well. The athlete had a mindset, but the coach and coach got into defeatism early. Nevertheless, he lives up to the political power of Hong, who has made quite a good fight. I have three mentors. Education was taught by former deputy chairman Jang Seong-man who died, former president Lee Myung-bak, and politician Hong Jun-pyo. Hong is a person with political visions.

How did you evaluate the last 100 days of the government?

I just finished the cabinet composition and I have to wait. It is not too late to evaluate at the end of the year. But I would like to say that Mr. Moon ‘s greetings were excessive’ unbalanced greetings’. In addition, financial measures are also likely to take the form of scratching credit cards hard without thinking about future card values.

If you want to mention the lack of past ties.

There was a lack of ‘communication’ with members of parliament. During his tenure as a director, he is now one of 107 members of the free Korean National Party who will actively support each other’s activities. ‘Work hard enough to eat the dishes. I will help them with the idea that we will be responsible for breaking the bowl. ”

What is the main task of the meeting and the future goal?

Our repairs are hurting these days. But I do not know where it hurts and I keep making the wrong prescription. It is time for the accurate diagnosis and prescription of the doctor. I will have to do that role in the future. My goal in the term is to build a huge “Think-net” by gathering talented people from each field. We will appoint 300 policy advisor members and give them to each member of the standing committee. Other party lawmakers will be willing to open the door to take advantage of our sinknets if they need help.

Kim Min-seok In addition, the head of the Democratic Research Center for Democratic Change (right) visits the Yeouido Researcher at the Free Korea-Japan Forum in Seoul on Aug. 9 and takes a commemorative photo with Dae-seik Kim.  © Photo = Yonhap News

Yang Bok’s security briefing] Can Pyongyang be made into a wreckage?

Yang Bok’s security briefing] Can Pyongyang be made into a wreckage?

The North Korean nuclear issue became a reality beyond worry. As always, the people are only thinking about North Korea’s nuclear test as an annual event. Even after two nuclear tests this year. In addition, the last 5th nuclear test is a nuclear warhead explosion experiment. That is, from the 1st to the 4th, nuclear explosives samples were mass-produced at the 5th level, only to confirm the ability of the nuclear material to burst or not. 10 kilotons of destructive power, but the ability is weak nuclear bomb. Now, North Korea can load the warheads into the desired products among the 1,000 missiles and shoot them.

Image result for Yang Bok's security briefing] Can Pyongyang be made into a wreckage?

North Korea has made the nuclear threat real, but there are not many alternatives for us. Of course, the nuclear umbrella of the United States is still spreading on the Korean peninsula through the ROK – US Mutual Defense Treaty. Though the value of tactical nuclear weapons has diminished as modern nuclear weapons change, the Nuclear Triad, which is equivalent to the nuclear power of the United States, is still guarding the Republic of Korea. In particular, the United States sent warning messages to North Korea when it tested its intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) launch whenever it threatened the security of the Republic of Korea or Japan.

The nuclear umbrella provided by the United States is of concern. The role of the strategic nuclear bomber has been reduced, and the other two components, the ICBM and the SLBM, are too old and need to be upgraded. If Trump was elected as a concrete commitment to the modernization of nuclear weapons, Hillary was elected, and the nuclear weapons remained obsolete and almost disappeared. Fortunately, the lack of nuclear retaliatory capability complements some of the missile defense systems, such as the THAAD (high-altitude missile defense system) and the ballistic missile interceptor missile (SM-3). It is frustrating to our position that there is no sardina or SM-3 yet.

North Korea's Chosun Central TV reported on September 13 that it held Pyongyang militia reunion contest to celebrate the success of the nuclear war explosion test at Pyongyang Kim Il Sung Square.  The photo shows the venue where the central TV was recorded and broadcasted on the day. © Chosun Central Communication Association

North Korea’s Chosun Central TV reported on September 13 that it held Pyongyang militia reunion contest to celebrate the success of the nuclear war explosion test at Pyongyang Kim Il Sung Square. The photo shows the venue where the central TV was recorded and broadcasted on the day. © Chosun Central Communication Association

The emergence of tailored suppression strategies

The response strategy that emerged when the North Korean nuclear crisis began to be recognized as a serious risk factor after the Third Nuclear Test was a customized suppression strategy. The customized restraint strategy was announced at the 45th SCM (US-ROK Security Consultative Meeting) on ​​October 2, 2013. If the North Korean nuclear power shows the possibility of being used in the war, it will cope with the situations according to each stage by appropriate means.

Here is the line. First, North Korea is divided into three stages: threatening to attack with nuclear weapons, imminent use of nuclear weapons, and using nuclear weapons. In the first stage of the threat, it is not the actual action but the word, but it is an aggressive act that does not hide the intent of the attack. As a result, the United Nations sanctions against North Korea, which diplomatically isolates and economically oppresses North Korea, is in operation, and military demonstrations are conducted through military exercises such as joint US-ROK training and deployment of US strategic assets. Indeed, the two countries have been steadily implementing these measures since October 2013, as North Korea has threatened to use it.

When the use is at an imminent stage, the response is also different. First of all, there will be 200 units of missile launch vehicles such as Scud, Labor, and Sudan, which North Korea possesses, and the Kill Chain will be operated when a submarine that launches SLBM is deployed. It is the kill chain to find the location of these threats with various reconnaissance assets and then destroy its origins in about 25 minutes with fighter planes, ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, and so on. The kill chain can be viewed as a limited but preemptive attack, since the enemy starts the attack and not the friendly but the attack before it is attacked.

In spite of this killer chain operation, it is not possible to destroy all enemy attack means. Or an enemy missile that could not be detected in advance may fly toward our territory. At this point, it is the Korean missile defense system (KAMD) that intercepts enemy missiles in the air. KAMD requires a radar capable of detecting enemy missiles and a missile capable of intercepting tanks in the air. We use Super Green pine radar for detection and Patriot PAC-2, PAC-3 (to be introduced) and Domestic M-SAM and L-SAM (under development) for intercept.

However, there are many who worry about this customized restraining strategy. Will the kill chain and KAMD work properly? If we really have such an operational capability, will North Korea give up the attack? Kill Chains and KAMD are fundamentally defensive measures. In short, if an enemy missile attack is a window, the kill chain and KAMD are shields. The shield is big and thick and the enemy will not give up attacking with the spear. Rather, it finds out where it can not be blocked by a shield. It is a very innocent idea that the enemy is a nuclear weapon, which is a nuclear weapon and threatens our survival. We needed a more aggressive strategy.

Infiltration of Ground Army Special Operations Helicopter MH-47 penetration scene © Yang Wook

Infiltration of Ground Army Special Operations Helicopter MH-47 penetration scene © Yang Wook

“Attack is the best defense” … Need an aggressive strategy

As North Korea conducted a fifth nuclear test on September 9, 2016, that night, our troops took out the most extreme cards. It is KMPR. KMPR is the term of mass media punishment and retaliation in Korea. If North Korea shows signs of using nuclear weapons, Kim Jung-eun plans to directly target the headquarters, which is headed by the Labor Party chairperson, and retaliate against punishment. Our military, which does not have nuclear weapons, has limited means to bring fear to North Korea. That is the way to do precision missiles, such as the Hyunmoo 2 ballistic missile, the Hyundai 3-cruise missile, the F-35A stealth fighter to be introduced from 2018, and the special forces that can carry out the battle.

Eventually, the KMPR is added up, and our military responds to the North Korean threat with a three-axis system. In other words, if the signs of North Korean missile attack are clear, the Kill Chain will preemptively launch (1-axis) mobile launchers and stationary facilities, intercept missiles with 2-axis missile defense system (KMD) The KMPR plan (3-axis). The synergistic effect of the three plans is to have the ability to completely dismantle North Korea.

But as soon as it first appeared, the KMPR got a lot of criticism and ridicule. The question of how to make Pyongyang shattered without nuclear weapons came out immediately. Also, at KMPR, special forces have to infiltrate the enemy, and it is also questioned whether they are capable. In order to penetrate countries like North Korea that are investing heavily in the superpowers, special operational aircraft are needed, but only the United States holds them. It was doubtful how KMPR would be possible without our ability to penetrate the enemy. In addition, a special ground unit must be used in order to hit a target accurately with a fighter or ballistic missile. The more quickly you infiltrate them with your enemies, the more power your missiles and bombs do. Under the North Korean nuclear threat, offensive capability is the best defense. Also, the offensive ability depends on the ability to infiltrate into the enemy.

You will not be able to resist the cruel punishment.

You will not be able to resist the cruel punishment.

Kim Jong Eun, a grateful leader, succeeded again in the second test launch of the “Mars-14” type of intercontinental ballistic rocket that was conducted under his command.

On July 4th, the first intercontinental ballistic rocket “Hwaseong-14” test was launched successfully, and the US and its followers were invited to take a passbook. Today, it is the second time that the intercontinental ballistic rocket “Mars- As the news of success, I imagine that the Americans will be stunned.

The first successful launch of the “Hwaseong-14” type of the intercontinental ballistic rocket was the result of the unexpected national power of the Juche shipbuilding, which was developed at a rapid pace along with the new bike path of the Great Workers’ Party of Korea, and the power of the self- It is a great demonstration and a special event for the history of the Republic of Korea, which has long been a desperate force for the nation’s defense force.

Related image

In this delightful breeding experience, the devotion of our Lokong Decadence Army members becomes even more tenfold.

Those who are still dreaming and dreaming of watching the sacred land of the republic, while continuing to blow the warless noble war, will not be able to face merciless punishment.

The enemy Kim Jong Eun

The enemy Kim Jong Eun

He took a picture with the attendees of the 8th Korea Contest.

Kim Jong Eun, the Chairman of the Labor Party of the DPRK, Chairman of the State Council of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and the Supreme Commander of the Korean People ‘s Army, took a commemorative photo with the participants of the eighth meeting of the Korean Chosun Dynasty.

WPK Central Committee Political Bureau Standing Committee and the Democratic People’s Republic of China State Council Vice Chairman and Central Committee vice chairman of choeryong’s comrades and party WPK Central Committee Director Li part comrade, Kim IlseongKim Jeongil attention Youth League in the Central Committee first secretary dedicated southeast magazine here. Respectively.

In the background of the glorious meeting place where the eighth enemy of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea was held in honor of the dear enemy, there was a great excitement in the scene of the great enthusiasm and joy of the participants who made a meaningful memorial picture desiring the dream.

That reverence un enemy’s God -party attend filming all participants are great for nimdeul generalissimo the Lord and naesewo by all means and define the merging of the precious treasure that can not be comparable to gold and silver treasures of eokmangeum our student boy, hope and the future world all giving embraced the happiness of reverence for the enemy’s looking up teochyeo raised cheers of “Hurray!” like a storm.

Dearest enemy, The boys ‘representatives put up a bouquet of fragrant and attached a red tie with the heart of the students’ boys all over the country.

My dearest enemy, the 8th meeting of the Korean Chosun Dynasty said that it would be an important occasion to strengthen and develop the Chosun Dynasty forever by its name Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il Boy Scouts, while maintaining the tradition of the anti-Japanese children’s group, Baekdu’s bloodline, He has enthusiastically congratulated the participants of the contest who showed off the majesty of the 3 million boys who are firmly preparing for the reliable replacement of construction and true alliances of the youth alliance.

To reverence the enemy’s He contestants are our revolution and independent boy caused a new revolutionary transition from Boy Scouts project to meet the needs of sports development take ryongma of jideokche the Young Pioneer Corps going to always be prepared for the socialist Korea ‘s Mount Baekdu powers to the ranks of the future hero He took a memorial picture with them expressing his expectation and conviction that he would make a strong effort.

After the ceremony was over, he looked up at the enemy who was reverting again.

In the midst of his busy schedule to lead the construction of a socialist powerhouse, he organized the 8th Chosun Dynasty’s Eighth Conference, and attended the congress in person. He gave me a kind of guidance in the outpouring of the voluntary youth movement. Today, The daring father who took a picture overflowed with gratitude and gratitude to the enemy of the enemy, and the participants shed tears of thrill and shed.

Full Participants me increasingly touches added to reverence the enemy’s cherished and glorious ever HS with great love and faith Kim Ilseong , Kim Jong Il of the Boy Scouts waving the red quirky grow eoksege as the heir of the Revolution, gidunggam continue carrying floating rigid Korea’s future He made a firm oath.

South Korea’s women’s soccer matches against North Korea today

South Korea’s women’s soccer matches against North Korea today

Yoon Deok lie to North Korea in the first place. It is expected that 50,000 spectators and Kim Jong Eun will appear as variables in the two teams’ contests.

South Korea will play the second match of the 2018 Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Women’s Asian Cup Group B qualifier at Kim Il-sung Stadium in North Pyongyang at 3:30 pm on July 7.

In addition to Korea and North Korea, there are Uzbekistan, India and Hong Kong. However, South Korea and North Korea are far ahead in objective power, and a smiling team will likely advance to the women’s Asian Cup finals in Jordan next April.

A total of eight countries, including China, Japan, Australia and Jordan, which have already secured entry tickets, will participate in the finals. The top five countries will be given the right to participate in the FIFA Women’s World Cup in 2019. If South Korea is to beat North Korea and enter the Jordanian Asian Cup, it will be the fifth place in the world so it is the watershed for Korea’s second consecutive World Cup finals.

The two teams did not finish the game by hiding the ‘window’ in the game on the 5th. North Korea put a star in the first half of the match against Hong Kong starter Hwang Hwang as a starter, but in the middle of the first half, he put forward a tendency.

North Korea’s national team coach Kim Kwang-min said, “I know all the stars in Asia. I thought it would be more effective to replace the inclination.” Shin Seong-shim, who won the Silver Ball at the U-17 Women’s World Cup last year, led North Korea to victory.

South Korea also scored a 10-0 victory over India in the same day. He did not put in the captain and core midfielder Josho Hyun, and put a strong orthodoxy into the second half. North Korean reporters were asked about the replacement of Joo Sung-hyun’s colon and Jeongseol Bin after the match against India.

Both Koreas and North Korean directors are ahead of each other in the face of confrontation, “I will pour everything I have.

One of the biggest variables in the face-to-face match between two teams that emphasized mental strength is unilateral support from the North Korean crowd. About 15,000 people visited the stadium on the last three days and five days when North Korea played two games. However, it seems that 50,000 people will be full in this game. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout.

However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.”

In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a variable. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength. North Korean reporters were asked about the replacement of Joo Sung-hyun’s colon and Jeongseol Bin after the match against India. Both Koreas and North Korean directors are ahead of each other in the face of confrontation, “I will pour everything I have. One of the biggest variables in the face-to-face match between two teams that emphasized mental strength is unilateral support of North Korean spectators. About 15,000 people visited the stadium on the last three days and five days when North Korea played two games. However, it seems that 50,000 people will be full in this game. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout. However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.” In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a variable. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength. North Korean reporters were asked about the replacement of Joo Sung-hyun’s colon and Jeongseol Bin after the match against India. Both Koreas and North Korean directors are ahead of each other in the face of confrontation, “I will pour everything I have. One of the biggest variables in the face-to-face match between two teams that emphasized mental strength is unilateral support of North Korean spectators. About 15,000 people visited the stadium on the last three days and five days when North Korea played two games. However, it seems that 50,000 people will be full in this game. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout. However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.” In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a variable. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout. However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.” In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a variable. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength. The Kim Il Sung Stadium has a structure that makes the crowd shout. However, it is unclear to which side this energy will be beneficial. There is also a view that North Korea will be psychologically burdensome because it has never played in front of a large home crowd. The Korean athletes said, “We will be doing our best to support us.” In addition, the presence of top North Korean officials can be a factor. On May 5, when North Korea played against Hong Kong, Choi Young-sun, vice chairman of the State Council, appeared. There is also an analysis that Kim Jong Eun, chairman of the National Assembly, will come to the game against Korea. It is expected to affect North Korean players’ spiritual strength.

North Korea Announces Negative Stance on ‘Holding Kaesong’ in 6.15 Joint Event

North Korea Announces Negative Stance on ‘Holding Kaesong’ in 6.15 Joint Event

6.15 The North Korean government has made a negative stance on the proposal by the South Korean committee to host the 6.15 joint event at ‘Kaesong’, and it has been confirmed on the 5th that private organizations such as the Korean people’s mutual aid campaign have been postponed.

Lee Seung-hwan, a joint delegation of the South Korean Committee for the June 15 Joint Declaration (June 15), confirmed that “it was difficult to hold individuality.”

6.15 The South Korean Committee has proposed to hold a 6.15 joint event in Kaesong immediately after the government received the application for contact with North Korean residents on March 31.

6.15 An official from the South Korean committee said, “Once North Korea has expressed its negative stance on holding the 6.15 joint event in Gaeseong,” the 6.15 joint event itself will continue to be pursued even if difficulties are anticipated and the North is preparing to hold Pyongyang I left the room.

Kang Young-sik, secretary-general of the Korea People’s Movement for Helping the Korean Nation, confirmed that he “canceled the support of malaria control materials scheduled this week and the visit to the delegation on the 10th.”

The Korean people’s movement to help each other was reported to have received the application for contact with the North Korean residents on the 26th of last month, and carried out the removal of malaria control materials and the visit of the joint delegation.
“We have received news from the North that we should not be here this time, and now it is embarrassing,” said Park Chang-il, the chairman of the Peace and 3,000 steering committee, who is in the process of visiting the delegation. “I think it is because the government put the position on the UN Security Council. It will take a little more time. ”

An official from a private organization said, “We seem to be dissatisfied with the fact that the Korean government is actively responding to the UN sanctions against North Korea.” In this situation, it was impossible to make any kind of exchange, said.

“The Korean government supports the unanimous adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2356 on June 3 in response to the continued ballistic missile launch by North Korea,” the South Korean government said in a statement issued on March 3, It is evaluated once again the determination of the international society’s willingness, “he said.

An official from the Ministry of Unification said, “Nothing has been confirmed yet.”

Life in North Korea

Life in North Korea

Great post over at North Korean Economy Watch on life inside North Korea. The post concerns a report by the Chairman of Good Friends, held at SAIS US-Korea Institute. Good friends is a South Korean NGO operating in North Korea and China, assisting refugees and alleviating hunger. It puts in a great effort, despite difficult political conditions. Visit North Korean Economy Watch to read the highlights or go straight to the audio from the source at SAIS US-Korea Institute.

Unification Costs

Unification Costs

A ROK National Assembly Special Committee on Budget and Accounts has estimated that unification could cost around 1 trillion dollars – yes, 1 trillion – with the cost increasing further over time.

The report notes the difference in timing. If unification occurs in 2015, it could cost around $858 billion over 10 years to absorb the North. If unification occurs in 2030, it could cost $1.32 trillion.

On the positive side, there could be benefits through decreased military spending, new markets in North Korea as well as cheaper land and labor.

More on the report at the Korea Times. I guess that’s why economic cooperation projects are a priority…

How to pay for Korean unification

How to pay for Korean unification

With estimates on the cost of unification providing such alarming figures (as in the last post), it is natural for people to wonder where the money will come from. A paper by Yang Un-Chol at the Sejong Institute gives a good summary of how this could be achieved. Amongst the methods, he lists:

  1. Inter-Korean cooperation projects. Basically, paying now to reduce the burden of paying later or as Yang states: “inter-Korean economic exchanges can, in the long run, contribute to reducing unification expenses by transforming North Korea’s economy in a market-friendly manner”
  2. Tax burden. South Korea has a relatively low tax burden, but gaining national consensus on raising taxes for unification would still be very difficult, as it has been in Germany.
  3. Issuance of public bonds. South Korea used this process to aid its recovery from the 1997 financial crisis. Similar methods could be used to defray the costs of unification.
  4. Overseas borrowing. If unification occurred in the near future, this could be very difficult due to the negative effect unification would have on South Korea’s fiscal position. If unification occurred much later, South Korea could have time to secure assistance from international organizations and neighboring countries to promote a much smoother process.
  5. Other Government funds. As Yang notes there are “some of the 56 government-managed funds, which are linked to assistance for North Korea… Inter-Korean exchange and cooperation projects are reflected in the National Sports Promotion Fund, Culture and Arts Promotion Fund and Broadcasting Development Fund, among others…”

Yang doesn’t actually mention the potential for reparations from Japan that could contribute to unification costs. I read somewhere this could amount to around $10 billion. But I guess reparations are not a certainty, and indeed if normalization occurs before unification, a good deal of the funds will be spent on fine cognac and the rest stored safely for future generations in a Swiss Bank account.

To be certain, there are some pretty keen minds that have been working on this issue for some time. Indeed, the Sunshine Policy is basically the public face of saying ‘we gotta pay a bit now so we don’t have to pay so much later’. Can anyone point me to some good papers on unification costs?

Cambodia between Japanese money and North Korean solidarity

Cambodia between Japanese money and North Korean solidarity

According to the Bangkok Post, Japanese money is worth more than North Korean solidarity to Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen:

“Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen appealed to his North Korean counterpart Kim Yong Il to release remaining Japanese citizens abducted by that country nearly 30 years ago, a government spokesman said Thursday.

Spokesman Khieu Kanharith made the announcement while briefing journalists after the first day of talks between Kim, the Cambodian government and a 30-strong North Korean delegation, which includes the North Korean ministers of foreign trade, agriculture and culture.

“Cambodia is not the North Korean government,,” Kanharith quoted Hun Sen as saying, “so we can only suggest. However we are also a friend of Japan, and when you release the hostages, I think relations between North Korea and Japan will improve rapidly.”

This is actually quite a diplomatic coup by Japan, considering the historical association between Cambodia and North Korea.

Cambodia and North Korea continue to maintain close diplomatic relations that began during the Cold War. Former King Sihanouk makes frequent trips to North Korea and has been a long time supporter of North Korea. Cambodia is home to a large proportion of North Korea’s expatriate community (the ones that are not imprisoned on return) and is a preferred holiday destination for the elite. Such is the relationship that the North Korean Government gave Sihanouk a personal gift of a bodyguard unit composed of highly trained North Korean personnel.

From reports, the level of trade remains important too with North Korea’s Prime Minister Kim Yong-Il signing agreements on shipping and trade and later scheduled to meet Senate and National Assembly leaders. Former King Sihanouk will also host a gala banquet for the North Korean delegation on Friday night at the Royal Palace.